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Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response

WASH standard 1: WASH programme design and implementation

WASH needs of the affected population are met and users are involved in the design, management and maintenance of the facilities where appropriate.

Key actions (to be read in conjunction with the guidance note)


Key indicators (to be read in conjunction with the guidance note)


Guidance note
  1. Assessing needs: An assessment is needed to identify risky practices that might increase vulnerability and to predict the likely success of both the provision of WASH facilities and hygiene promotion activities. The key risks are likely to centre on physical safety in accessing facilities, discrimination of marginalised groups that affects access, use and maintenance of toilets, the lack of hand-washing with soap or an alternative, the unhygienic collection and storage of water, and unhygienic food storage and preparation. The assessment should look at resources available to the population, as well as local knowledge and practices, so that promotional activities are effective, relevant and practical. Social and cultural norms that might facilitate and/ or compromise adherence to safe hygiene practices should be identified as part of the initial and ongoing assessment. The assessment should pay special attention to the needs of vulnerable people. If consultation with any group of vulnerable people is not possible, this should be clearly stated in the assessment report and addressed as quickly as possible (see Core Standard 3).