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Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response

Infant and young child feeding standard 1: Policy guidance and coordination

Safe and appropriate infant and young child feeding for the population is protected through implementation of key policy guidance and strong coordination.

Key actions (to be read in conjunction with the guidance notes)

Key indicators (to be read in conjunction with the guidance notes)

Guidance notes

  1. Policy guidance, coordination and communication: Key policy guidance documents to inform emergency programmes include the Operational Guidance on IFE and the Code. Additional guidance can be found in the References and further reading section. WHA Resolution 63.23 (2010) urges member states to ensure that national and international preparedness plans and emergency responses follow the Operational Guidance on IFE. Disaster preparedness includes policy development, orientation and training on IFE, identifying sources of Code-compliant BMS and of complementary food. A lead coordinating body on IYCF should be assigned in every emergency. Monitoring and reporting on Code violations is an important contribution to aid accountability. Clear, consistent communication to the affected population and in press releases has a critical influence on the response.
  2. Handling milk and milk products: Milk and milk products should not be included in untargeted distributions (see Food security– food transfers standard 2, guidance note 5 ).Indications for and management of artificial feeding should be in accordance with the Operational Guidance on IFE and the Code, ideally under the guidance of the designated IFE coordinating body. Donations of BMS, milk products, bottles and teats should not be sought or accepted in emergencies. Any donations that do arrive should be placed under the control of a designated agency and their management determined by the IFE coordinating body.